PRESENT SIMPLE

 

LE PRESENT SIMPLE

 

 pour tous les verbes sauf be, have, have got

 

Forme affirmative

Forme négative

      Forme interrogative

I

you

play

I

you

do not

don't

 

 

 

 

play

do

I

you

 

 

 

Play?

He

She

It

 

 

playS

He

She

It

 

 

does not

doesn't

 

does

he

she

it

 

We

You

They

 

play

We

You

They

 

 

do not

don't

 

do

we

you

they

 

 

Comme son nom l'indique  le présent simple n'est pas bien compliqué.

> On utilise la base verbale du verbe (c'est-à-dire le verbe sans le TO):

I love football.

 

A la 3e personne du singulier (HE, SHE, IT), on n'oubliera pas d'ajouter un "-s" au verbe:

She loves football.

 

Cela donne donc à toutes les personnes:
I
love

you
love

he/she/it
loves

we
love

you
love

they
love

 

     Exceptions!

Eh oui, comme d'habitude, il y a quelques exceptions:

  •  Si le verbe se termine par S, Z, X, SH, CH, O... on ajoute "-es" au verbe: she misses(elle regrette) , she watches(elle regarde) , he washes(il lave)...

Dans ce cas, la terminaison se prononce [ iz ]

  • Si le verbe se termine par une consonne suivie d'un -Y, le -Y se transforme en "-ies":

cry > she cries; carry > she carries
Contre exemple: she stays (car il n'y a pas de consonne avant le -y) 


Be, have et have got se conjuguent comme suit :

be au présent simple:

Forme affirmative

Forme négative

Forme interrogative

I

 

am

I

 

am not

 

 

 

 

 

 

am

I

 

 

 

 

 

?

You

are

you

are not/aren't

are

you

He

She

It

 

 

is

He

She

It

 

 

is not

isn't

 

is

he

she

it

 

We

You

They

 

are

We

You

They

 

 

are not/aren't

 

are

we

you

they

 


Have au présent simple :

Forme affirmative

Forme négative

Forme interrogative

I

 

have

 

I

 

do not

don't

 

 

 

 

 

 

have

do

I

you

 

 

 

have?

You

have

You

do not

don't

 

 

 does

he

she

it

 

He

She

It

 

 

haS

He

She

It

does not

doesn't

do

we

you

they

 

We

You

They

 

 

have

We

You

They

 

do not

don't

 


have got au présent simple:

Forme affirmative

Forme négative

Forme interrogative

I

You

have

 

 

 

got

I

You

have not

haven't 

 

 

 

got

have

I

you

 

 

 

got

?

He

She

it

 

has

He

She

it

 

has not

hasn't

 

have

he

she

it

 

We

You

they

 

have

We

You

they

have not

haven't 

 

have

we

you

they

 

 


 Exercices :

Conjuguez au présent simple : 

Exercice 1.  

Exercice 2.

Exercice 3. 

 Exercice 4.  

 Exercice 5.   

Exercice 6.

Exercice 7.  

Exercice 8.

Exercice 9. 

 Exercice 10.  

 Exercice 11